Trees

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TREES

PhotoScientific NameCommon NameMapTypeLightWaterBloom TimeBloom ColorMedicinalEdibleSupports PollinatorsHummingbird AttractantSupports WildlifeRock GardenWet GardenContainer GardenWoodland GardenSeaside GardenGreen Roof GardenHedges/ScreensLewis&ClarkSpreadingDrought TolerantErosion ControlAdditional Information
PhotoScientific NameCommon NameMapTypeLightWaterBloom TimeBloom ColorMedicinalEdibleSupports PollinatorsHummingbird AttractantSupports WildlifeRock GardenWet GardenContainer GardenWoodland GardenSeaside GardenGreen Roof GardenHedges/ScreensLewis&ClarkSpreadingDrought TolerantErosion ControlAdditional Information
Abies concolor White Fir Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 50 ft. Max Width: 6 ft.

Description: This tree produces blueish green needles that are 1 to 2 inches long. Its cones are 3 to 6 inches. Zone: 3

Abies grandis Grand Fir Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 100 ft. Max Width: 6 ft.

Description: Tall and straight tree. Its bark is greyish brown, while its needles are shiny, flat and green and grow from 1 to 2 inches long. The cones are 2 to 4 inches long. Zone: 4

Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine Fir Tree Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 15 ft. Max Width: 8 ft.

Description: A medium size tree with flat needles, found at higher elevations, usually just below the tree line. A popular Christmas tree. Zone: 5-8

Acer macrophyllum Big Leaf Maple Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 100 ft. Max Width: 60 ft.

Description: This is a massive deciduous tree that exhibits rapid growth and establishment. Zone: 5-7

Alnus rhombifolia White Alder Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 80 ft. Max Width: 30 ft.

Description: A deciduous tree that can withstand summer droughts as well as winter floods and is extremely important for restoration projects because its roots are densely tied together and hold stream banks intact. Zone: 6

Alnus rubra Red Alder Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 100 ft. Max Width: 30 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree grows rapidly and most often occurs along mountain streams and moist slopes. In addition, it fixes nitrogen and helps restore poor soils. Zone: 6-7

Arbutus menziesii Madrone Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 75 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: A unique evergreen tree with peeling, reddish-brown bark, and red edible berries. Zone: 7-9

Betula occidentalis Water Birch Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 50 ft. Max Width: 25 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree has dark reddish brown bark and green leaves that turn yellow in the fall. It is heavily dependent on water, and therefore is usually found near a water source. It is cold hardy. Zone: 4

Betula papyrifera Paper Birch Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 100 ft. Max Width: 25 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree produces green leaves that turn yellow in fall. Grows in moist soils. Zone: 2-6

Calocedrus decurrens Incense Cedar Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 125 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: Evergreen conifer with scale like foliage arranged in twisted, flattened sprays and widely buttressed trunk base. Zone: 7-9

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Port Orford Cedar Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 185 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: Evergreen conifer with lacy, scale like foliage arranged in flattened sprays and graceful branches. Zone: 7-9

Cornus nuttallii Pacific Dogwood Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 60 ft. Max Width: 25 ft.

Description: This flowering deciduous tree displays smaller flowers that are surrounded by whitish bracts. Also displays orange/red fruit. Zone: 4-6

Fraxinus latifolia Oregon Ash Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring White Yes Yes

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Max Height: 80 ft. Max Width: 30 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree usually grows near streams where it provides canopy cover. It will spread more when in the open and less when crowded. Zone: 7

Picea sitchensis Sitka Spruce Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 250 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This is a large and fast-growing evergreen tree common in coastal regions. Zone: 4-6

Pinus contorta ssp. contorta Shore Pine Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 50 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This tree is known for its crooked shape, fast growth and ability to tolerate soils with low levels of nutrients. Zone: 5-6

Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana Lodgepole Pine Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 120 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This tree has a very slender trunk, and grows fast and straight. Its bark is thin and flaky. It prefers sunny, dry, cool places. Zone: 2-6

Pinus jeffreyi Jeffrey Pine Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 120 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This tree is similar to ponderosa pine, but its bark is darker and its cones are larger. Zone: 4

Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 180 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This tree is tolerant of both wetness and dryness. It is a very sturdy tree and prefers sun or partial shade. Zone: 3-7

Populus trichocarpa Black Cottonwood Tree Full Sun Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 150 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree is fast growing and prefers open, sunny areas and moist to wet soils. Its leaves are quite large and turn yellow in the fall. Zone: 4-7

Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Fir Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 200 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: This majestic tree has thick bark, which makes it somewhat resistant to fire. It prefers sunny areas. Zone: 3-6

Quercus garryana Oregon White Oak Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 90 ft. Max Width: 60 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree is slow growing and is somewhat tolerant of flooding and drought. Its acorns are edible. Zone: 6-7

Sequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 370 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: This evergreen tree has flat, soft needles and red bark. Zone: 6

Sequoiadendron giganteum Giant Sequoia Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 300 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: An evergreen tree with blue-green, scale-like, sharp needles. Zone: 2

Thuja plicata Western Red Cedar Tree Full / Partial Shade Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 200 ft. Max Width: 50 ft.

Description: This large evergreen tree has fragrant, scale-like foliage, not needles. Its barks strips off in long pieces and its branches are gracefully drooping. It prefers moist to wet soils and shady areas. Zone: 5

Tsuga heteropylla Western Hemlock Tree Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 200 ft. Max Width: 40 ft.

Description: This large evergreen tree has small, flat, spray like needles. It prefers moist soils and is very shade tolerant. Zone: 5

Acer circinatum Vine Maple Tree/Shrub All Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 25 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: Upright small tree or multi-branched shrub. Displays an excellent fall color as its green leaves of spring turn yellow, orange and crimson in the fall. Zone: 5-7

Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain Maple Tree/Shrub All Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 30 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: A cold hardy, multi-trunked deciduous tree or small shrub. Its fall leaf color ranges from orange and red to yellow. Zone: 3-6

Alnus incana Mountain Alder Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 30 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: A fast growing shrub like deciduous tree that is native to Eastern Oregon. Its bark is yellowish brown and its leaves are a dark, serrated green. Zone: 2-6

Alnus sinuata Sitka Alder Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 25 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: A multi-trunked alder that is adapted to high elevation sites. It grows in thickets along moist slopes and streams. Zone: 3-6

Amelanchier alnifolia Western Serviceberry Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 25 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: A deciduous shrub that displays white spring flowers, a deep green foliage that becomes very showy in the fall and produces tasty purple berries. It is highly tolerant of various soils, climates and drought. Zone: 3-6

Cercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogony Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry Summer White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 20 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: Evergreen small tree or large shrub with reddish bark and twigs and attractive feathery fruit. Zone: 7-9

Cercocarpus montanus Birch-leaf Mountain Mahogony Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry Summer White Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 20 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: Evergreen small tree or large shrub with reddish bark and twigs and attractive feathery fruit. Zone: 7-9

Corylus cornuta Beaked Hazelnut Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 15 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: A tall deciduous shrub to small tree. It is multi-trunked and has alternating bright green leaves and smooth light brown bark. Zone: 6-7

Crataegus douglasii Oregon Hawthorn Tree/Shrub Partial Shade Wet/Moist/Dry Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 20� Max Width: 10�

Description: This tall, thorny shrub has white flowers in the spring and clusters of dark purple fruit in the summer. Can thrive in a wide variety of habitats. Zone: 3-9

Malus fusca Western Crabapple Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 40 ft. Max Width: 30 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree produces fragrant white and pink flowers in the spring, which turn to very small apples in the summer. In the fall the foliage turns to a reddish color. It prefers moist soil. Zone: 6-7

Myrica californica Pacific Wax Myrtle Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Moist Spring Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 15 ft. Max Width: 12 ft.

Description: An evergreen large shrub or small tree with waxy fruits in clusters. Native to coastal ecoregions. Zone: 7-9

Prunus emarginata Bitter Cherry Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 50 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This small tree or shrub produces white flowers in flat-topped clusters and small red fruit. Zone: 7-9

Prunus virginiana Common Chokecherry Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 30 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree produces long, showy racemes of white flowers and dark red to purple fruit. It is effective at controlling erosion. Zone: 3-7

Rhamnus purshiana Cascara Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 30 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: This deciduous shrub or small tree has brown bark which is used as a laxative and produces dark purple berries. Zone: 5-7

Salix exigua Coyote Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 12 ft. Max Width: 6 ft.

Description: Deciduous shrub or small tree with narrow leaves and attractive catkins. Zone: 7-9

Salix fluviatilus Columbia River Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 18 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: Deciduous shrub or small tree with narrow leaves and attractive catkins. Zone: 7-9

Salix geyeriana Geyer's Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 18 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: Deciduous shrub or small tree with narrow leaves and attractive catkins. Zone: 7-9

Salix hookeriana Hooker's Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 15 ft. Max Width: 20 ft.

Description: This large shrub or small tree is fairly fast growing and is excellent for stabilizing slopes. Showy catkins in spring. Zone: 2-7

Salix lasiandra Pacific Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 30 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: This small tree to large shrub has yellow/green bark and elongated leaves. Its branches and root systems are flexible. It is fast growing and has showy catkins in spring. Zone: 2-7

Salix scouleriana Scouler's Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 35 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: This small deciduous tree produces large catkins in spring and has elongated leaves. Its branches and root systems are flexible. It is fast growing. Zone: 2-7

Salix sitchensis Sitka Willow Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Wet / Moist Spring Yellow Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 25 ft. Max Width: 10 ft.

Description: 'This small deciduous tree''s branches and root systems are flexible. It is fast growing.' Zone: 2-7

Sambucus caerulea Blue Elderberry Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 20 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree has large green leaves and produces large, flat-topped clusters of white flowers which turn to blue berries in the fall. It is fast growing and multi-stemmed. Zone: 3-7

Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry Tree/Shrub Full Sun / Partial Shade Dry / Moist Spring White Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 20 ft. Max Width: 15 ft.

Description: This deciduous tree or large shrub is similar to blue elderberry, but it has white flowers in dome-shaped clusters and red berries. Its flowers and fruit appear earlier than on blue elderberry. Zone: 5-7

Taxus brevifolia Pacific Yew Tree/Shrub All Moist None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Max Height: 50 ft. Max Width: 30 ft.

Description: This evergreen has scaly brown bark and green needles. Native peoples used this wood to make weapons. Zone: 7-9